Distance education mess

Recently Professor NR Madhava Menon, the founding Vice-Chancellor (VC) of my alma mater, the National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata, and one of the founders of the countrywide regulation university (NLU) assignment, exceeded away.

Distance education mess 1

Few consider that Professor Menon also became the author of current rules governing open and distance learning (ODL) in India. Tragically, this legacy is being tarnished at NUJS, which has been a chronic violator of ODL policies of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and University Grants Commission (UGC) given 2008.

The regulatory framework

ODL in India acquired impetus with the established order of IGNOU in 1985.

For almost three years after that, IGNOU had the twin role of functioning as an Open University and discharging the part of the countrywide regulator of ODL publications through its Distance Education Council (DEC).

Under the ‘Guidelines of DEC on Minimum Requirements for Recognition of ODL Institutions’ (DEC Guidelines), first published in 2006, universities were required to relax mandatory approvals to provide ODL and for every ODL guide to be run. These DEC Guidelines had been compulsorily relevant to all Universities, in phrases of the Supreme Court’s 2009 judgment in Annamalai.

Following the Supreme Court’s judgments in Yashpal and Annamalai, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) August 2010 constituted the Professor NR Madhava Menon Committee to suggest measures for robust regulation of ODL.

In December 2012, UGC changed into appointed the countrywide regulator of ODL (nontechnical guides). To effectuate this, IGNOU’s DEC became dissolved, and its regulatory functions have been transferred to UGC’s Distance Education Bureau (DEB). The DEB followed the DEC Guidelines to avoid disruptions at some point in the transition segment.

In 2016, the DEB cautioned that all online ODL courses have been being run without its permission and that those courses cannot be run until new rules are formulated. Later, the UGC notified the UGC (Open and Distance Learning) Regulations, 2017, and the UGC (Online Courses or Programmes) Regulations, 2018 (Online Regulations).

Recently, DEB’s Right to Information (RTI) reaction dated 16.04.2019 confirmed that no universities have been granted permission to run online guides until the Online Regulations were impacted in July 2018.

ODL courses run by way of NUJS

NUJS had no approvals from the erstwhile IGNOU DEC or the UGC DEB for any of the ODL guides. However, it persevered to run both offline (lacking permission) and online (blanketly prohibited) ones since 2008.

When NUJS’ apolitical scholar frame, the Student Juridical Association (SJA) produced damning evidence before the thirty-second NUJS Academic Council (AC), the contributors resolved to suspend all such courses without delay. This turned into subsequently ratified with the aid of the 61st NUJS Executive Council (EC), which had Justice Arun Mishra as the then Chancellor’s nominee.

At the 61st EC, the space schooling mess has become the common subject matter for three separate inquiries; and the 62nd EC reiterated the ban following the SJA’s intervention and constituted a fourth, committed inquiry into the gap training mess, which NUJS is but even to convene.

There is also proof to suggest that one of these allegedly worried, Ms. Vaneeta Patnaik is a founding Director in Effulgent Educators LLP, which sought to run a certificates path in association with NUJS. Interestingly, Ms. Patnaik made no disclosures regarding her association with Effulgent Educators LLP to the University at any point in time, no matter being a member (each present and balloting) of the 29th AC and the 55th EC conferences – while the issue of her Effulgent Educators LLP turned into discussed.

This is to be particularly investigated using one of the inquiries above, consistent with the 61st EC.

Subsequent (In)action

Based on the evidence supplied through the SJA, the 60th and 61st ECs affected an administrative rinse that added in a brand new Vice-Chancellor (Acting), Registrar (Acting) and Assistant Registrar (Administration).

To the scholars, it seemed that the Augean stables of NUJS would subsequently get cleaned below the watch of a venerable, retired choose of Calcutta High Court, Justice (Retd) Amit Talukdar. However, it is now an open mystery that the aforesaid EC-instituted inquiries have long gone nowhere.

While NUJS tiptoes around the distance education imbroglio, it faces various civil and arbitration fits within the Calcutta and Delhi High Courts. Despite orders from the EC, Professor Anirban Mazumdar, Director, School of Distance and Mass Education (SDME), fobbed off the responsibility to correspond with distance education college students on spurious “non-public” grounds.

Earlier this year, I filed 4 RTI packages to NUJS, which includes
one on distance education. Mr. Pritwish Saha, the NUJS Public Information Officer (PIO), gave evasive and incomplete solutions.

During follow-ups, the PIO said the reaction is being drafted in consultation with Registrar (Acting) Ms. Sikha Sen and SDME Director Professor Mazumdar. Aggrieved, I eventually filed an enchantment before Registrar Sen. Predictably, Registrar Sen supplied a tremendously evasive reaction, towards whom I became later restricted to record a grievance.

DEB’s reaction dated 08.03.2019 to an equal RTI, but, really establishes that NUJS was running these courses for almost a decade in gross violation of the UGC Act, 1956. Pressed by my RTI packages and the SJA, NUJS launched a huge cache of governing bodies’ information.

These records, previously unavailable, not best confirmed DEB’s reaction but also provided additional evidence to signify that various insiders, which include former Vice-Chancellor Professor Ishwara Bhat; former Registrars (Acting) Dr. R Parameshwaran and Dr. Sarfaraz A Khan, Professor Mazumdar; Ms. Patnaik; and Professor Sandeepa Bhat, had been the likely facilitators.

The information above (with particular references to diverse governing our bodies’ minutes) has been made to be had to the NUJS Chancellor, Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, and the 65th EC in my current letter.