World Autism Day is found on April 2 to elevate consciousness approximately Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A developmental ailment, autism is characterized by way of negative social interplay and uncommon or repetitive behavior. Currently, one in 500 people is diagnosed with autism in India, which translates to zero.2 percent of the population, or 21.6 lakh individuals according to the Rehabilitation Council of India.
The time period “autism” regarded in Indian literature for the primary time in 1959. This became observed via a chain of other publications at the sickness via the Nineteen Sixties. Back then, there was very restricted information approximately autism among human beings at large. During the early 1980s, the level of consciousness about autism grew progressively inside the medical fraternity. From then on, the disease has skilled a severe period of pastime in comparison to the previous a long time. Gradually, the support device in areas which include prognosis, get admission to to education, parental involvement, vocational options, and legislation received traction.
Making lives higher, one step at a time
The first different college for autism-affected youth referred to as Open Door, become established in 1994. In the overdue Nineties, 15 such colleges sprung up throughout the united states of America, with an enrollment starting from 15-70 students in each, in step with a document published by way of the Rehabilitation Council of India.
In the yr 1991, some of the mother and father of kids affected with autism began the Action for Autism (AFA) initiative to support human beings affected with the disease. By the turn of the century, pretty a few enterprises as well as faculties started out commencing up across the usa, like Asha, Ashiana, Communication DEALL, Development Centre for Exceptional Children, Priyanj, and We Can. Today, this number has multiplied even in addition.
At gift, there are greater than 40 businesses, special colleges, figure aid corporations, and speech in addition to behavioral therapy centers to assist people affected with autism.
We take a look at what a number of those establishments offer.
Founder Meenakshi Agarwal’s son Tanay became detected with autism in 1999, which led her to consultations with clinical professionals and therapists to recognize his desires. Armed with this knowledge, she went directly to installation Tanay Foundation in 2012 at Ahmedabad.
The Foundation gives a slew of support offerings for autistic children, such as counseling periods, early communique intervention, vocational schooling, and activity-based mastering modules for kids. They have recognition of sure critical elements like ergonomics, body mechanics, and stress control as part of their time desk. Tanay Foundation additionally holds sensory remedy classes for kids who’re excessively touchy to light, sounds, and scents in order that they may be cozy in any surroundings. Additionally, those periods encompass modules on handwriting as well as motor skills.
“I didn’t want every other toddler to suffer as Tanay did. Autistic children should lead a satisfied and normal life. I started this organization to cater to their needs by supplying an entire range of guide systems. The aim is to lessen the behavioral troubles kids face due to autism, and assist them to emerge as more independent,” says Meenakshi to SocialStory.
She touches upon the significance of education to address autistic kids. “Autistic youngsters are every so often hard to deal with. They are possibly to revel in common mood swings resulting in irrational or violent behavior. They might be very touchy to mild and sound or won’t be receptive to them at all. Since parents tend to spend a large amount of time with their youngsters, they need to be well-trained to cope with them,” Meenakshi adds.
Autism Centre for Excellence (ACE) become launched in Gurugram in 2014 via Archana Nayar and Sameer Nayar after they perceived an opening in early intervention for humans with autism.
ACE targets to impart conversation, instructional, self-assist and social abilties via Applied Behavioural Analysis, a scientifically validated approach based totally on a number of the principles of behavior. ACE conducts self-assist sessions, occupational therapy programs, as well as fun sports like cycling, soccer, and relay for 35 autistic children and adults on a daily foundation.
“We teach people affected with autism to hone their academic and social talents. We have our very personal campus which includes classrooms, remedy areas, and play areas. Parents have a tendency to undergo a whole lot of stress in phrases of managing their kids affected with autism, Hence, we’ve given the parents get admission to to a big repository of content material detailing the signs and remedy of the disorder,” explains Archana, Director of ACE.
Assisted Living for Autistic Adults (ALFAA)
Ruby Singh commenced ALFAA in Bengaluru in 2009 to create proper living conditions and vocational possibilities for adults with autism. The employer offers daycare and residential centers at its 2.25-acre campus.
“When autistic kids grow up, their dad and mom grow to be too old to take care of them. In such instances, they generally tend to feel not noted and dejected. I did not need each person to face such a scenario, which is why I commenced ALFAA. While there are numerous colleges helping autistic children in India, there are very few projects that cater to adults with autism,” says Ruby.
Action for Autism (AFA)
Action for Autism is one of the oldest establishments operating closer to supplying support for humans with autism. Merry Barua started this initiative with an intention to provide as many centers as wished for the autistic, and their households.